The First Gulf War of 1990–91 was in response to Iraq’s invasion and occupation of its rival oil-exporting neighbour Kuwait. Following a month of air attacks, a United Nations-authorised task force from thirty nations, including Australia, moved against Iraqi positions in Iraq and Kuwait, causing Iraqi forces to retreat and hostilities to cease.
In 2002 the United Nations Security Council passed Resolution 1441, which called for Saddam Hussein’s regime to cooperate with United Nations weapons inspectors to verify that Iraq was not in possession of weapons of mass destruction (nuclear, chemical and biological weapons).
In 2003 the United States demanded military action against Iraq, stating that it was concealing such weapons and alleging links with terrorist groups such as Al Qaeda. Unable to secure United Nations’ backing for military action, the United States and its ‘coalition of the willing’, including the United Kingdom and Australia, commenced operations against Iraq. Between 2003 and 2009 more than 20,000 Australian Defence Force personnel saw service in Iraq.
The donor of this badge, John Ellis, writes:
I wore this anti-Iraq/Afghanistan War
badge intermittently to
demonstrations and to other events. It was worn to
protest the bombing
of Iraq and the on-going appalling loss of lives and the destruction
that continues to the present day. The popular feeling after 9/11 was
that these actions were in retaliation for the destruction of the Twin
Towers in New York. However, after many years of protesting US foreign
policies, I feel the principle reason behind the wars has more to do
with oil supplies to the US.
This badge is important to me as it
demonstrates my opposition to war. I
wore it to let
people know how I felt
and hopefully to influence them. When
wearing the badge, it was a
connection with other peace activists.